What are NFTs and How Do They Work?


NFTs have been around for a while, but their popularity surged in 2020 and has continued to rise, especially in the digital art industry. While NFTs have garnered attention, they have also faced criticism for their volatility and susceptibility to scams, making them highly speculative. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of NFTs, covering their meaning and definition, how they work, and how to purchase them.

Meaning and Definition of NFTs

NFTs are non-fungible tokens, which means that each one is unique and irreplaceable. In contrast to physical money and cryptocurrencies, which are fungible, NFTs have a digital signature that sets them apart from one another.

These digital assets can come in various forms, such as photos, videos, audio files, and other digital formats. NFTs have been used to represent various items, such as artwork, comic books, sports collectibles, trading cards, games, and more.

How Do NFTs Work?

NFTs are cryptographic assets that exist on a blockchain, a public ledger that records transactions. Each NFT has a unique identification code that distinguishes it from other tokens, making it easy to transfer and verify ownership. Like physical assets, NFTs hold a market value determined by supply and demand, and they can be bought and sold.


NFTs can represent various digital and physical assets, including artwork and real estate. Tokenizing real-world tangible assets in this way is believed by some to increase efficiency in buying, selling, and trading, as well as reducing the likelihood of fraud.

How to Buy NFTs?

Purchasing NFTs can be a complex process with several factors to consider. Here’s a breakdown of the steps involved:


  1. Open a crypto exchange account: To begin buying NFTs, create an account on a crypto platform or exchange. Different platforms offer various services and features, so it’s essential to research them to find the one that suits your needs best.
  2. Open a crypto wallet: A crypto wallet is where you store the keys that give you access to your digital assets. It’s critical to keep your seed phrase safe, as it grants access to your wallet. Wallets can be hosted on an exchange or operate independently, with hot and cold wallets being the two main types.
  3. Transfer Ethereum to your wallet: Ethereum (ETH) is the cryptocurrency native to the Ethereum blockchain, where most NFTs are sold. You need to transfer ETH to your wallet to start purchasing NFTs.



It’s important to note that the NFT market is considered high-risk, with volatile prices and a higher likelihood of scams. Before investing, research the process thoroughly and have a clear understanding of the risks involved. Additionally, purchasing NFTs does not necessarily grant you any additional rights to the work beyond ownership, unless explicitly stated in the agreement between the buyer and creator.