Finance Dictionary : Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet


Explore the significance of a balance sheet – a snapshot of a business's assets and liabilities, revealing its financial health and net assets. Essential for informed decision-making.



A balance sheet serves as a snapshot of a business’s financial position on a specific date. This fundamental financial statement provides a comprehensive overview by listing all assets and liabilities, facilitating the calculation of net assets.


Assets encompass everything of value owned by the business, such as cash, property, and inventory, while liabilities represent the obligations and debts owed. The net assets, derived by subtracting liabilities from assets, reveal the company’s equity or ownership interest.


This document adheres to the accounting equation, ensuring that assets equal the sum of liabilities and equity. Investors, creditors, and management utilize the balance sheet to assess the company’s financial health, solvency, and overall stability. Consequently, the balance sheet is a pivotal tool for decision-making and financial analysis within the realm of corporate management and investment evaluation.




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