# CRYPTO 101

DAI: The Stablecoin Revolutionizing Decentralized Finance



  • Decentralized Stability: DAI is a decentralized stablecoin, pegged to USD through a collateral-backed system managed by the Maker Protocol.
  • Versatile Financial Applications: DAI supports various financial applications like loans, trading, and remittances in the DeFi ecosystem.
  • Safe Haven Asset: DAI offers a secure store of value during market volatility and provides liquidity without selling primary assets.


DAI, the first fully decentralized USD stablecoin backed by cryptocurrency, operates differently from Tether (USDT). Learn about its unique collateralization and its link to the Maker (MKR) token.




The DAI stablecoin is a decentralized, collateral-backed cryptocurrency built on the Ethereum blockchain and managed by MakerDAO. Designed to maintain a 1:1 peg with the U.S. dollar, it brings stability and adaptability to the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem.


DAI offers users stability and reliability. Individuals and businesses can use it as a hedge asset and for liquidity. DAI finds applications across various financial sectors like collateralized loans, margin trading, international remittances, and supply chain finance. The Maker Protocol, governed by MKR token holders, plays a crucial role in ensuring the stability, transparency, and efficiency of the DAI stablecoin.


In the highly volatile world of traditional cryptocurrencies, DAI‘s value is maintained through full collateral backing on the blockchain, ensuring that 1 DAI remains equivalent to 1 USD. With this unique mechanism, users can directly exchange DAI or collateralize it to gain access to benefits like loans, margin trading, and other DeFi applications.


Apart from stability and security, DAI also offers versatility, mirroring traditional currency functions. As a store of value, DAI‘s design as a stablecoin ensures that it maintains its worth even in volatile markets. As a medium of exchange, DAI is used globally for various transaction purposes, facilitating the buying, selling, and trading of goods and services. Within the Maker Protocol and specific blockchain-based decentralized applications, DAI simplifies accounting and pricing as a unit of account. It also acts as a standard for deferred payments, allowing users to settle debts within the Maker Protocol. This comprehensive functionality makes DAI a versatile and reliable solution in the decentralized finance sector.


  • What is the Maker Protocol?  


The Maker Protocol is a decentralized finance (DeFi) system built on the Ethereum blockchain, managed by MKR token holders through scientific governance. It allows users to generate the DAI stablecoin by leveraging collateral assets approved through the community-driven Maker governance process.

The Maker Protocol has been a pioneer, especially through its Multi-Collateral DAI (MCD) system. This innovative framework enables users to generate DAI through a decentralized governance process known as “Maker Governance,” which approves collateral assets. Developed and managed by MakerDAO, it ensures the stability of the DAI stablecoin.


>>> More to read: What Is Ethereum?



DAI stabilizes its value around 1 USD by using a mechanism similar to central banks adjusting interest rates. The Maker Foundation has introduced the DAI Savings Rate (DSR) to maintain this stability.


  • If the market price of DAI rises above 1 USD, MKR holders will gradually decrease the savings rate, reducing demand and bringing the price back down to the 1 USD target.
  • If the market price of DAI falls below 1 USD, MKR holders will gradually increase the savings rate, boosting demand and bringing the price back up to the 1 USD target.


This dynamic adjustment process ensures DAI remains stable and closely aligned with the 1 USD peg.




1. Decentralization:

DAI is a decentralized stablecoin, meaning it operates on a blockchain without a central authority. The Maker Protocol, which manages DAI, is built on the Ethereum blockchain, and its governance decisions are made through MKR token holders via decentralized governance.


2. Collateral-Backed Stability:

DAI’s value is maintained through full collateral backing on the blockchain. Users can generate DAI by leveraging collateral assets approved through the decentralized governance process.


3. Application Versatility:

DAI’s design offers flexibility across various financial applications in the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem. It can be used for collateralized loans, margin trading, international transfers, and supply chain finance.


4. Store of Value:

DAI serves as a stable store of value, providing a reliable option for individuals and businesses seeking to protect their assets in turbulent markets.


5. Medium of Exchange:

DAI acts as a global medium of exchange, facilitating the sale, purchase, and trading of goods and services.


6. Unit of Account & Standard for Deferred Payments:

DAI is a unit of account within the Maker Protocol and specific decentralized applications on the blockchain. It simplifies accounting and pricing processes within the ecosystem.


These features together enhance DAI‘s appeal and reliability as a stablecoin in the decentralized finance sector.


>>> Learn More Stablecoin:
Tether (USDT)




In the stablecoin market, DAI plays a crucial role in decentralized applications (DApps) and decentralized finance (DeFi). Let’s start with how DAI is created.


DAI is a stablecoin generated through cryptocurrency collateralization, maintaining a 1:1 peg with the U.S. dollar. Each circulating DAI is backed by an excess of collateral (for instance, borrowing $150 requires pledging cryptocurrency worth more than that amount). The entire transaction process is managed by smart contracts known as Collateralized Debt Positions (CDPs), without relying on third-party custodians.


How Do People Use DAI?


  • Accessing Liquidity with ETH Collateral:

If you need liquidity but don’t want to sell your ETH holdings, you can collateralize your ETH to obtain DAI. This approach often reflects a bullish market outlook because if ETH’s value suddenly plummets, the value of the collateralized ETH also declines.


  • Lending DAI for Interest Income: 

For cryptocurrency or ETH holders (committed long-term holders), lending DAI to earn passive interest in a bearish market can be a good option. Previously, converting ETH to DAI required exchanges like Uniswap or Coinbase. Now, with platforms like Easydai, you can convert ETH to DAI with just one click and start earning interest effortlessly!




Making DAI a highly competitive stablecoin has always been a top priority for MakerDAO, and it’s safe to say that DAI has achieved remarkable success since its launch on the Ethereum blockchain in 2017. MakerDAO even designed the DAIi logo to resemble familiar currency symbols, making it instantly recognizable as a form of money and emphasizing DAI‘s goal to be an “unbiased currency.” This concept is akin to the logos of fiat currencies like the Euro and the U.S. dollar.


For Maker to thrive and achieve widespread acceptance by millions, it must diligently focus on branding the token, educating people about it, and highlighting the benefits they can receive if they choose to use it.




DAI’s greatest value lies in providing cryptocurrency traders with a safe haven. Non-stablecoin cryptocurrencies are still significantly influenced by Bitcoin’s price movements. When Bitcoin experiences a sharp decline, converting a majority of digital assets into stablecoins like DAI can reduce exposure and losses. Other advantages include lower transaction fees compared to international exchanges and significantly faster transaction speeds. Additionally, its 24/7 trading availability is advantageous for business operations requiring banking transactions, allowing for seamless transactions even when banks are closed.


DAI has become a prominent stablecoin within the DeFi ecosystem. It is actively being deployed across different chains, including Ethereum Layer 2 solutions, with the aim of building a robust and expansive ecosystem.




  • What is DAI?

DAI is a stablecoin (ERC-20 token) built on Ethereum, designed to maintain its value at one dollar. This is achieved through an automated system of smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. The price of the DAI stablecoin is backed by various cryptocurrencies and is inversely pegged to the U.S. dollar.


  • Who founded DAI?

MakerDAO, launched by Danish entrepreneur Rune Christensen in 2014, is a decentralized organization that developed the DAI stablecoin using smart contracts.


  • What are DAI Features?
  1. Decentralization 
  2. Collateral-Backed Stability  
  3. Application Versatility  
  4. Store of Value 
  5. Medium of Exchange  
  6. Unit of Account & Standard for Deferred Payments



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