Finance Dictionary : Financial Statement

Financial Statement


Explore Financial Statements, crucial documents providing a comprehensive view of a business's financial position, including profit and loss, balance sheet, and cash flow information.



Financial Statement – Comprehensive Overview of a Business’s Financial Status Over a Specified Period


A financial statement is a comprehensive document that provides a detailed summary of a business’s financial position during a particular timeframe. These statements offer valuable insights into an entity’s economic health and encompass several key components, including:


  1. Profit and Loss Statement (Income Statement)**: This statement outlines an entity’s revenues, costs, and expenses, ultimately calculating the net income or loss for the period.


  1. Balance Sheet: A snapshot of the business’s assets, liabilities, and equity, demonstrating its financial stability at a specific point in time.


  1. Cash Flow Statement: A record of cash inflows and outflows, which helps assess an entity’s cash management and liquidity.


Financial statements are essential for stakeholders, including investors, creditors, and management, as they offer a detailed perspective on the entity’s financial performance, stability, and overall fiscal health. These reports are vital for making informed decisions, financial planning, and regulatory compliance.


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